Heat

This TINA focuses on heat pumps, heat networks, and heat storage as three of the key heat technologies1. Innovation in these heat technologies represents a significant opportunity to help meet the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions targets, as well as providing value through cost reductions, amounting to potential savings for the energy system of c. £12 (£5–23) billion2 by 2050. Innovation could help create business opportunities that could contribute total direct Gross Value Added (GVA) of c. £25 (£12–42) billion to UK gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050, whilst supporting c. 88,000 (41,000–153,000) direct jobs in 20503. Public sector intervention will be required to unlock this value, as there are significant market barriers across the sector to overcome.

1 This TINA does not examine other heat based technologies. In addition it does not include a major switch from our local gas distribution network to a hydrogen based system. It is predicated on large reductions of natural gas in the gas grid. If such decarbonisation takes place then take up of heat pumps and heat networks for on gas grid properties could be low and the figures within this TINA may not be achieved.

2 Cumulative (2015-2050) 2015 GBP discounted values for medium (low-high) UK deployment scenarios and a high innovation scenario.

3 Cumulative (2015-2050) 2015 GBP discounted values for medium (low-high) global and UK deployment scenarios and a high innovation scenario.

This TINA was updated and agreed by the LCICG in March 2016.